In spite of his wartime connections with the Nazis, Subhas Chandra Bose (23 January 1897–18 August 1945) was an Indian nationalist whose defiance of British rule in India made him a hero among Indians.
|Shubhash Chandra Bose|
Shubhash Chandra Bose Biography
|23 January 1897|
|Janakinath Bose (Father), |
Prabhavati Dutt (Mother)
|Political Party||All India Forward Bloc|
✅Bose’s whole life was striving for the independence of India, by doing this he blessed his life by getting the title of Amar Shaheed.
✅Germany and Imperial Japan left a legacy vexed by authoritarianism, anti-Semitism, and military failure. The honorific Netaji (Hindi: “Respected Leader”) was first applied to Bose in Germany.
✅In early 1942—by the Indian soldiers of the Inditched Legion and by the German and Indian officials in the Special Bureau for India in Berlin. It is now used throughout India.
✅Subhash Bose was born in a wealthy and affluent Bengali family. Brought up in Orissa during the British Raj.
✅The early recipient of an Androcentric education, he was sent after college to England to take the Indian Civil Service examination.
✅He succeeded with distinction in the vital first exam but demurred at taking the routine final exam, citing nationalism as a higher calling.
✅Returning to India after 1920, Bose joined the Indian National Congress nationalist movement led by Mahatma Gandhi.
✅He succeeded Jawaharlal Nehru as the leader of a faction within the Congress that was less interested in constitutional reform and more open to socialism.
✅Bose became president of Congress in 1938.
✅In April 1941, Bose arrived in Nazi Germany, where Bose’s leadership offered immense sympathy for India’s independence.
✅German funds were employed to open a Free India Center in Berlin.
✅With Japanese support, Bose revamped the Indian National Army (INA), which comprised Indian prisoners of war from the Indian Army who had been captured by the Japanese in the Battle of Singapore.
✅A Provisional Government of Free India was declared on the Japanese-occupied Andaman and Nicobar Islands and was nominally presided over by Bose.
✅Although Bose was unusually driven and charismatic, the Japanese considered him to be militarily unskilled, and his soldierly effort was short-lived.
✅In late 1944 and early 1945, the Indian Army under Subhash Chandra Bose repelled the Japanese invasion of India. and about half the Japanese army was killed.